The United States of America is the premier university destination for international students from all over the world. The country has the highest number of world-ranked universities.
These world class universities produce the most number of Nobel Prize winners in the world. The top-ranked universities, in particular, are known for their celebrity professors who are the leading authorities in their field. A degree from a reputable US university is a stamp of excellence on your resume as US universities lead the world in cutting-edge research and academic prestige. Alumni of US universities populate the top ranks of Fortune 500 companies and international organisations such as United Nations and the World Bank.
Why study in USA? The United States is a top destination for international students because its education system is well-known for producing graduates who are adept in handling the challenges of the global marketplace and multi-cultural dynamics.
American universities tend to give more emphasis to the training of creativity, problem-solving skills and decision-making skills rather than pure academic achievements as is the focus of most Asian universities.
The richness and diversity of the American higher education system is second to none in the world. There are over 4000 colleges, universities and higher education institutions offering close to 1000 fields of study. Every student, regardless of inclination and talent will be able to find something relevant in the United States. The depth and breadth of study options will amaze you.
The education system in USA is liberal and flexible. Each state administers its own education system and generally, the institutions enjoy a great deal of autonomy.
In the first year of university study, there is no distinction between arts and science students as all undergraduates are on the same curriculum to allow them time and the opportunity to explore and confirm their areas of interest. Therefore to study for professional degrees such at medicine and law, you must complete your undergraduate degree first.
Universities and colleges in USA use the credits system. Each course taken is assigned a credit value (number of credits) based on the number of hours spent in the classroom.
To graduate, a student must complete the requisite number of credits. The credits system allows a student to change courses (subjects) or to change to another institution.
Universities and colleges operate on the semester calendar system. The first semester (Fall) is from September to mid-December and the second semester (Spring) is from mid-January to mid-May. The summer session is from June to August for certain programs only.
Institutions of higher learning in USA are accredited by various accreditation bodies. The recognized accreditation agencies are listed on the website of The Council of Higher Education Accreditation ( www.chea.org )
To enroll for studies in USA, a prospective undergraduate student needs to take the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) in addition to the SAT and SAT subject tests. For graduate studies, the GRE is required for non-business programs and the GMAT is the usual entry test for graduate level business programs like MBA.
Education expenses in USA vary depending on the state where the school is located and whether the student is enrolled in a private or a public school. Due to the weakening US dollar since 2008, America is now a very attractive university destination.
General Guide to Annual Expenses:-
|Public University||Private University|
|Tuition Fees||US $ 16,000||US $ 45,000|
|Room & Board||US $ 14,000||US $ 15,000|
|Books & Study Materials||US $ 2000||US $ 2000|
|Expenses & Insurance||US $ 5000||US $ 8000|
For example, the tuition fee for Harvard University is US$ 42,000 for both in-state and out-of-state students. The room and board at Harvard University is about US$14,000. Harvard has 7000 undergraduate students and 17,000 graduate students.
Although it costs more to study at the private universities and colleges, these institutions tend to provide a lot more financial aid for their students. Students can also reap more savings by shopping for cheaper accommodation when they have settled into the country.
To help finance their studies, international students are allowed to work, subject to the restrictions of their visa.
For details on types of work for international students and eligibility, please visit: www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/students-and-exchange-visitors/students-and-employment.
There are over 1500 four-year universities and colleges in USA that are ranked by the major bodies. For guidance, here are some highlights:-
- Harvard University
- Princeton University
- Yale University
- Stanford University
- Columbia University
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT )
- California Institute of Technology
- University of Chicago
- University of Pennsylvania
- Dartmouth College
- Northwestern University
- Cornell University
- Duke University
- Brown University
- Georgetown University
- Carnegie-Mellon University
- John Hopkins University
- University of California- Berkeley
- University of California – Los Angeles
- University of Virginia
- New York University
- University of Texas – Austin
- University of Michigan – Ann Harbor
- University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill
- University of Southern California
- Emory University
- Rice University
- University of Notre Dame
- Washington University in St Louis
- Wake Forest University
- University of Washington
- University of Wisconsin – Madison
- Tufts University
- George Washington University
- University of Rochester
- College of William and Mary
- Texas A&M University – College Station
- University of Minnesota – Twin Cities
- University of Notre Dame
- University of California – San Diego
- University of California – Davis
- Georgia Institute of Technology
- University of lllinois – Urbana–Champaign
- University of California – Santa Barbara
- Pennsylvania State University – University Park
- University of California – Irvine
- University of Maryland – College Park
- Boston College
- University of Wisconsin – Madison
- Boston University
- Brandeis University
- Tulane University
- Babson College
- Case Western Reserve University